Independence through communal living: is cohousing the future?

Senior communal living, many of us don’t know what it is, much less that this way of life has many benefits!

Written by Stannah at 12-06-2018

Communal living or cohousing is a great way to live our lives

Cohousing, or communal living, is a trend that has picked up a lot of steam over the last 40 years and could very well be in your future. However, many people still don’t know much about the subject and associate the idea of communal living with hippy communes of the sixties. However, that’s not the sort of communal living that we’re talking about.

These are intergenerational communities; some are senior-only, but most of them have people of all ages living in the same cohousing community.

Think about what it used to be like to live in a neighbourhood: everyone knew each other and looked out for each other. You could easily help out by running an errand for someone who needed it. This also extended to childcare, housesitting or simply providing a hot meal for a neighbour because they didn’t have time to cook that day. For seniors, communal living can be a great way to stay independent with a little help from your friends!

Table of contents

What is communal living (or cohousing)?
What are the benefits for seniors?
Case studies: some examples from around the world
How to start your own (senior) living community

What is communal living (or cohousing)?

SILVER SAGE VILLAGE in Boulder Co. a Senior cohousing project.

SILVER SAGE VILLAGE in Boulder Co. a Senior cohousing project. | Source:

The definition of cohousing, or communal living, may vary depending on the source one uses; but it all comes down to the following: a group of people living together, but in their own private homes. It’s an intentional community consisting of a group of private houses that are gathered together around a shared space.

That means you have your own private kitchen and bathroom – you have your own home, but share certain aspects of living. In other words, people live close to, but not with, each other. According to the Cohousing Association , the following areas are shared inside a communal living space:

The origins of modern communal living and what it is today

When we talk about modern communal living, it goes without saying that people have always lived in shared communes at every age.  However, we are going to look at the modern approach – an ideal that came to life during the 60s and 70s.

The Danish were the first to live together in modern intentional communes, or cohousing structures, starting around the end of the 1960s. The idea spread to Sweden and had arrived in the Netherlands by the 1970s. The 1960s were also the decade in which hippies started to set up communes and live together in peace and harmony. Hippies were groups of people who came together because of shared ideals or beliefs, which is not, however, necessarily the case when living in a modern communal setting or cohousing project, which makes a rather big difference to how the community is formed.

The idea of cohousing like what we started to see in Northern Europe during the 60s and 70s, arrived in the US in the early 1990s, and became more common in the UK by the end of the same decade.

What does modern (senior) cohousing look like today?

According to research done by the AARP, the following points define modern cohousing:

Cohousing is for everyone that wants to feel as if they are part of a community – communities like those that used to exist in our neighbourhoods. People still want their own space and appreciate their privacy, but like the idea that other people are looking out for them and one another. It’s important to be able to share meals together, work in the garden together or go for walks together. Having someone to take you to the airport or to help out with each other’s (grand)children is, for many, a real blessing in life.

“The beauty of cohousing is that you have a private life and a community life, but only as much of each as you want.” Cohousing resident in Denmark

Who is cohousing meant for?

 There isn’t a list of characteristics one must have to be eligible to live communally. In theory, anyone can do it. When we look at current examples, what kinds of people do we usually find living communally?

Whether living in an intergenerational or age-restricted cohousing community, older adults can benefit both socially and economically from the many opportunities to gather together, trade favours, and look after one another that this arrangement encourages.” AARP Factsheet

We will look at the many benefits of communal living for seniors later on in the article. However, one of the biggest reasons for senior citizens to embrace cohousing is that it’s a great way to avoid going to a conventional senior housing facility, like a nursing home. And of course, avoiding isolation (and thus loneliness) is a very important factor. Families, for example, look for more support when it comes to raising their children, as nowadays both parents usually have full-time jobs. Single people, even though they often enjoy their independence, enjoy communal living because they get a sense of support and/or community that they wouldn’t have when living alone. Eco-friendly people think about ways to reduce their footprint on the planet. When you live in a collaborative setting it’s only logical that the impact one has on the environment is significantly reduced, as a lot can be shared.

Dr. Erica Elliott lives in an intergenerational cohousing project. Check out what she has to say about it:

As is the case with Dr. Erica Elliot, the biggest demographic living communally or in cohousing are baby boomers. As this generation has reached, or is almost reaching, the age of 65, they are thinking about their future living arrangements. Members of this generation are known for being independent people, who would not like the idea of spending their golden years in a traditional retirement/nursing home. They are therefore looking for more enriching ways of living, where they can maintain their independence and combine it with social activity and security.

“Cohousing is not such a radical idea; it’s a better way to live, but it does require a little extra effort to make it happen.” Cohousing resident in the US

What are the benefits for seniors?

One of the most important benefits for seniors when living communally is the following:

Independence through communal living

 Maria Brenton from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation wrote a paper on senior cohousing communities in the UK. To have a better understanding of this way of living, let’s look at the components that make up Senior Cohousing. It must be:

It seems that communal living, or cohousing, is especially beneficial for seniors. We know that the current trend is for people to age in place. Senior cohousing is the perfect solution for many seniors out there, as it enables senior citizens to do exactly that. They can therefore live independently for much longer and avoid institutional care. As Dr. Erica Elliott explains, living in a communal setting is a major help, for example, when someone is ill. Neighbours can be there to offer support around the house, to take care of the groceries or help with preparing meals.  When more specialised care is needed, such as help with bathing and personal care, a live-in caregiver can move into a guest room in the communal house.

The fact that the community is there reduces one of the most prevailing issues seniors face today – loneliness and isolation. The Village to Village network , which is an organization that helps communities establish and manage their own senior cohousing, give the following three most important points:

3 main benefits of senior cohousing

Source : Village to Village Network

Case studies: some examples from around the world

Let’s look at some real-life examples. The first video is about the very first cohousing community in Denmark and an American cohousing community named Rocky Hill. These are intergenerational cohousing projects, meaning that people of all ages live there – it’s not senior-only cohousing.

Look at how they live and share some of the facilities. Listen to Professor Lisa Berkman, Professor of Public Policy and Epidemiology at Harvard University, explain how this kind of community used to naturally dominate our societies:

The following video is an example of American Senior-Only Cohousing in Boulder, Colorado. Let’s look at the experiences the residents have had, and the stories they have to tell us:

From the examples we’ve seen, we can conclude that the main sentiment is, without a doubt, the joy of being surrounded by a community. What people seem to value most of all, is the help they get with day-to-day chores like having a meal together and the sense of connectivity that comes with it, as well as the absence of loneliness.

How to start your own (senior) living community

architects designing a cohousing project

There are a surprising number of organizations that can help with providing advice for people who are interested in building a cohousing community. These organizations often involve residents of existing communities, who give offer advice and consultations when approached.

There is a lot of literature out there, both in book form and in the form of papers we can consult online (for free!). The following reading list should give you all the information you need to learn more about cohousing:

The reading material above was created by the same Architectural agency that started the very first cohousing project in the United States back in 1991. The MCCAMANT & DURRETT ARCHITECTS are a “full-service architectural firm and leading experts in building cohousing neighbourhood communities.”

They offer workshops and seminars for anyone who is interested in cohousing. Their website has a lot of information and we recommend you visit it, should you want to learn more.

Some things to keep in mind

The Cohousing Association of the United States have given the following 8 steps they recommend any group follows, if they are thinking about cohousing:

  1. A vision/goals statement which defines the intentions and directions of the community.
  2. A group decision and communications process.
  3. A financial structure.
  4. Form an LLC or incorporate.
  5. Make bylaws.
  6. Get a bank account.
  7. Collect assessments from members.
  8. Don’t reinvent the wheel.

Research, talk to others, go and visit other cohousing projects! There is a lot of information out there, and a lot of help as well. We hope we’ve provided you with a kick start, and who knows! Maybe cohousing is YOUR future.

Take a look at these two videos if you want to see some more examples. Both are from American intergenerational cohousing projects:

Why Americans of All Ages Are Embracing Communal Living